Influence of Adult Touching

Additional Information for Chapter 9, Page 125

What follows are academic references of work done on the effect of touching.  We have also included some material on the importance of touching in childhood—including the classic study by Rene Spitz back in the 1940s.

Bowlby, J. (1958). The nature of the child’s tie to his mother.  International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 39, 350-373.

Gottman, J. M. & Levenson, R. W., (1992). Marital processes predictive of later dissolution: behavior, physiology, and health.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63(2), 221-233.

Kitson, G. C. (1982). Attachment to the spouse in divorce: A scale and its application.  Journal of Marriage and the Family, 44, 379-393.

Spitz, R. A. (1945).  Hospitalism. An inquiry into the genesis of psychiatric conditions in early childhood.  in O. Fenichel et al. (Eds.),  The psychoanalytic nature of the child, 1, New York: International University Press.

Shaver, P. R., & Hazen, C.  (1995). Adult romantic attachment:  Theory and evidence.  in D. Perlman & W. Jones (Eds.), Advances in personal relationships, 4.

Stein, N. & Sanfilipo, M.  (1985). Depression and the wish to be held.  Journal of clinical Psychology, 41, 3-9.

Stephen, R. & Zweigenhaft, R. I.  (1985). The effect on tipping of a waitress touching male and female customers.  Journal of Social Psychology, 126, 141-142.

Steward, A. L., & Lopfer, M.  (1987). Touching as teaching:  The effect of touch on students’ perceptions and performance.  Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 17, 800-809.

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